The Golden Era of Telugu Nation was the period of Vijayanagara Empire. This empire consisted of several kingdoms and provinces. The governors who were under the direct control of central government ruled the provinces and feudatory kings. The feudatory kings were called “Nayakas” and payed tribute to the emperor ruled the kingdoms. Vijayanagara Empire was destroyed in Tallikota war of 1565 AD, when Muslim states (Golconda, Bijapur, Ahmednagar, and Bidar) came together against the empire. Various tributary kingdoms that were under Vijayanagara Empire came under the control of Sultans of Golconda and Bijapur. These Golconda and Bijapur Sultans employed Velama, Kamma and Reddy kings as the rulers of various kingdoms and had them to pay the tribute and collected revenue. Thus many more of these kingdoms/provinces, also known as Samsthanamus or Zamindaris, came into existence. Golconda Empire came under the control of Mughal Dynasty in 1686 and became to be known as the Deccan Suba. This rule of Mughal Dynasty didn’t last long. Nizamul Ul Mulk Asaf Jah, as the governor of the Deccan, controlled the present state of Andhra Pradesh and parts of Tamilnadu and Orissa. In the beginning French had influence over Hyderabad however Salabat Jang, who came to power after his father, realized that the French were losing ground to British and so realigned himself with the English. In 1761, East India Company helped Nizam Ali Khan to depose his brother Salabat Jang and helped him occupy the Deccan Suba. The East India Company then took Andhra regions for lease from Nizam Ali. Later, by accords of 1768 and 1779 these Andhra regions came under complete control of East India Company, where as Telagana states remained under Nizam. In 1802, the British government under a Permanent Revenue Settlement agreement restored the ruling powers and rights of kings of Andhra regions. During this time, rich and influential people to become rulers (Zamindars) to the city-states (Zamindaris). In the beginning, the British allowed old kingdoms to have armies with the condition that they would support the British Empire during the war. However, this right to have army was abolished and these kings were reduced to the level of Zamindars. These feudal kingdoms/zamindaris was abolished after the formation of the Indian Union, a democratic Republic In general, Telugu rulers belong to local Telugu castes/tribes and don't belong to the Northern Aryan immigrant tribes/castes like Brahmin and Kshatriya. However, there are a few exceptions. Peddapuram was ruled by Vatsavayi dynasty, which was from a Kshatriya family. Brahmin Dynasties ruled Polavaramu and Lakkavaramu. The rest of the kingdoms/zamindaris were ruled by powerful local non-Aryan tribes/castes. These kingdoms have supported Telugu poets and Telugu literature. Nidadavolu Venkatarao and Kesavapantulu Narasimhasastri have described the literary contributions of these Andhra and Telangana kingdoms. In the history of Andhra (KAMMA) Vallutla gothram of Vasireddy dynasty is famous and memorable. The name Vasireddy is not known up to 14th century to the history. The first vasireddy last name (surname) was available at Pittapuram East Godavari Dist. Sri Pothineedu ruled the area in 1413 AD and constructed temples of Vishnu, Sun, Visweswara, Gowri, and Kukkutaeswara after a century there is no history. The vasireddy family might have migrated to Krishna District Nandigama and later Guntur and adjacent districts. As per the available history vasireddy malikharjunudu might have ruled capitol of "Vassile" from AD 1500 to 1527. Due to disputes in paying cess it leaded to war between Hyderjung (chief of the Army of KULI KUTUBUSHA).Hyderjung and Mallikharjunudu died in the war. Mallikharjunudu might have suspected his death and asked his wife to get on her life with their male child. She said to her husband that if it is happens, she will commit for Sathi. After hearing the sad news she committed suicide giving her two years boy SADASIVA RAYALU with gold ornaments to servant maid Lakshmi saying to go to Nuthaki village in Guntur Dist. Sadasivarayalu was bought up to seven years by the servant maid in a temple. Zamindar Kodali Ramabupathi has taken care Sadasivarayalu and got him married with his daughter. It is presumed that SADASIVARAYULU is the main origin of VASIREDDY DYNASTY during AD 1525.
Raja Vasireddy Venkatadri Naidu
Among all the rulers Raja Vasireddy Venkatadri Naidu is famous and ruled 33 years. He borne on 27th April 1761 and his parents Sri Vasireddy Jagganna and Smt Achamma. He was assumed charge in 1783 at Chintapalli. Later he crossed Krishna river and made Amaravathi as his capitol till his death. He is a well named philanthropist he built so many temples, Amaravathi, Managalagiri, Chebrolu, Ponnuru, Vijayawada, Srisailam and other places.